Star Reading

Reading

Cost

Technology, Human Resources, and Accommodations for Special Needs

Service and Support

Purpose and Other Implementation Information

Usage and Reporting

Initial Cost:

There is a one-time setup fee along with a per student subscription fee. Total cost will depend on the number of schools and students. Please contact: answers@renaissance.com or (800) 338-4204 for specific details on pricing for your district.

 

Replacement Cost:

No information provided; contact vendor for details.

 

Included in Cost:

Star Reading is cloud-based and purchase includes the tool, software/technical manual, installation guide, testing instructions, and remote installation and setup.

Technology Requirements:

  • Computer or tablet
  • Internet connection

 

Training Requirements:

  • Less than 1 hour of training

 

Qualified Administrators:

  • No minimum qualifications

 

Accommodations:

Star Reading is a computer-adaptive assessment, and the difficulty of items presented is adjusted automatically to reflect the skill level of the student. Students may use the keyboard or the mouse, accommodating students with limited motor skills.  Star Reading offers several accommodations for students with disabilities through the accessibility options built into a computer's operating system. For students with limited vision, the introductory screens of Star Reading respond to the "high contrast" accessibility feature within Windows and the "switch to black and white" accessibility feature in Mac OS. The assessment screens within Star Reading already provide visual contrast through a yellow background and black writing. Furthermore, Star Reading is compatible with Mac’s "zoom in" accessibility feature, which allows users to magnify nearly all Star Reading screens.

Where to Obtain:

Website: http://www.renaissance.com

Address: Renaissance Learning, PO Box 8036, Wisconsin Rapids, WI 54495

Phone number: (800) 338-4204     

Email address: answers@renaissance.com


Access to Technical Support:

Renaissance Technical Support Staff

Star Reading is a computer-adaptive, interim assessment of reading comprehension and overall reading achievement for students in grades 1 through 12. The tool provides information on student performance in 46 reading skill areas in 11 domains.

Assessment Format:

  • Direct: Computerized
  • Group administered

 

Administration Time:

  • 18 minutes per student
  • 18 minutes per total group

 

Scoring Time:

  • Scoring is automatic

 

Scoring Method:

All scores are calculated automatically by the software. The software calculates a maximum likelihood Rasch ability estimate based on the calibrated difficulty of the items that were administered to the student, and the pattern of the student’s right and wrong responses to those items. Star Reading uses a proprietary, Rasch-based, 1-parameter logistic response model to calculate scores. The scaled score is a non-linear, monotonic transformation of the Rasch ability estimate resulting from the adaptive test. From the scaled scores and the student’s current grade placement are derived grade equivalent, percentile, and normal curve equivalent scores. No clusters, composite, or raw scores are reported.

 

Scores Generated:

  • Percentile score
  • Grade equivalents
  • IRT-based score            
  • Normal curve equivalents
  • Equated
  • Lexile score
  • Instructional Reading Level
  • Scaled score
  • Student Growth Percentile

 

Classification Accuracy

Grade1234567891011
Criterion 1 FalldashFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubble
Criterion 1 WinterFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleHalf-filled bubble
Criterion 1 SpringFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbledash
Criterion 2 FalldashFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubble
Criterion 2 WinterdashFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubble
Criterion 2 SpringFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbledash

Primary Sample

 

Criterion 1, Fall

 

Grade 1

Grade 2

Grade 3

Grade 4

Grade 5

Grade 6

Grade 7

Grade 8

Grade 9

Grade 10

Grade 11

Criterion Test Name

Not Provided

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

Cut points

Not Provided

Star SS <187
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <231
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 281

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS <395
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 410

PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 456

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS <534
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 564

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS < 585

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS <798
PARCC PR <20

Base rate in the sample for children requiring intensive intervention

Not Provided

23%

25%

19%

29%

19%

19%

29%

18%

18%

25%

Base rate in the sample for children considered at-risk, including those with the most intensive needs

Not Provided

30%

30%

26%

33%

28%

27%

33%

29%

30%

31%

False Positive Rate

Not Provided

17%

15%

14%

15%

17%

16%

15%

19%

20%

19%

False Negative Rate

Not Provided

27%

22%

22%

24%

25%

25%

24%

30%

25%

29%

Sensitivity

Not Provided

73%

78%

78%

76%

75%

75%

76%

70%

75%

71%

Specificity

Not Provided

83%

85%

86%

85%

83%

84%

85%

81%

80%

81%

Positive Predictive Power

Not Provided

55%

64%

58%

66%

51%

53%

68%

45%

45%

56%

Negative Predictive Power

Not Provided

91%

92%

94%

90%

93%

93%

89%

92%

94%

89%

Overall Classification Rate

Not Provided

81%

84%

85%

82%

81%

82%

83%

79%

79%

79%

Area Under the Curve (AUC)

Not Provided

0.87

0.90

0.91

0.90

0.88

0.89

0.89

0.84

0.85

0.84

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Lower

Not Provided

0.85

0.89

0.90

0.89

0.87

0.88

0.88

0.83

0.83

0.80

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Upper

Not Provided

0.89

0.92

0.92

0.91

0.89

0.90

0.90

0.86

0.87

0.89

 

Criterion 1, Winter

 

Grade 1

Grade 2

Grade 3

Grade 4

Grade 5

Grade 6

Grade 7

Grade 8

Grade 9

Grade 10

Grade 11

Criterion Test Name

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

Cut points

Star SS < 85

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS <187
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <290
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <376
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <450
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 462

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS <527
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 538

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS < 580

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS < 609

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS < 769

PARCC PR < 20

Base rate in the sample for children requiring intensive intervention

14%

23%

24%

28%

28%

18%

27%

19%

20%

19%

17%

Base rate in the sample for children considered at-risk, including those with the most intensive needs

26%

30%

30%

33%

32%

27%

33%

27%

29%

28%

29%

False Positive Rate

18%

16%

15%

15%

14%

16%

17%

15%

18%

18%

17%

False Negative Rate

23%

24%

25%

20%

23%

24%

24%

22%

27%

28%

15%

Sensitivity

77%

76%

75%

80%

77%

76%

76%

78%

73%

72%

85%

Specificity

82%

84%

85%

85%

86%

84%

83%

85%

82%

82%

83%

Positive Predictive Power

41%

59%

61%

68%

68%

49%

63%

56%

50%

49%

52%

Negative Predictive Power

96%

92%

91%

92%

91%

95%

90%

94%

93%

93%

96%

Overall Classification Rate

82%

82%

82%

84%

83%

82%

81%

84%

80%

80%

83%

Area Under the Curve (AUC)

0.87

0.89

0.89

0.91

0.90

0.89

0.89

0.90

0.86

0.86

0.88

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Lower

0.83

0.87

0.88

0.90

0.88

0.88

0.87

0.89

0.85

0.84

0.83

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Upper

0.92

0.91

0.91

0.92

0.91

0.90

0.90

0.92

0.88

0.88

0.93

 

Criterion 1, Spring

 

Grade 1

Grade 2

Grade 3

Grade 4

Grade 5

Grade 6

Grade 7

Grade 8

Grade 9

Grade 10

Grade 11

Criterion Test Name

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

Not Provided

Cut points

Star SS <129
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <238
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <336
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <419
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 449

PARCC PR<20

Star SS < 485

PARCC PR<20

Star SS <572
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 587

PARCC PR<20

Star SS < 590

PARCC PR<20

Star SS <830
PARCC PR <20

Not Provided

Base rate in the sample for children requiring intensive intervention

14%

23%

17%

28%

20%

19%

29%

20%

19%

28%

Not Provided

Base rate in the sample for children considered at-risk, including those with the most intensive needs

23%

30%

25%

32%

29%

28%

34%

29%

29%

31%

Not Provided

False Positive Rate

15%

15%

14%

15%

18%

17%

17%

19%

17%

9%

Not Provided

False Negative Rate

26%

22%

23%

24%

28%

26%

25%

30%

23%

14%

Not Provided

Sensitivity

74%

78%

77%

76%

72%

74%

75%

70%

77%

86%

Not Provided

Specificity

85%

85%

86%

85%

82%

83%

83%

81%

83%

91%

Not Provided

Positive Predictive Power

45%

60%

53%

67%

49%

51%

64%

49%

52%

79%

Not Provided

Negative Predictive Power

95%

93%

95%

90%

92%

93%

89%

92%

94%

94%

Not Provided

Overall Classification Rate

84%

83%

85%

82%

80%

81%

81%

79%

81%

90%

Not Provided

Area Under the Curve (AUC)

0.89

0.89

0.91

0.89

0.86

0.88

0.88

0.84

0.87

0.92

Not Provided

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Lower

0.85

0.87

0.90

0.87

0.85

0.86

0.87

0.83

0.84

0.87

Not Provided

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Upper

0.93

0.91

0.93

0.90

0.87

0.89

0.89

0.86

0.89

0.98

Not Provided

 

Criterion 2, Fall

 

Grade 1

Grade 2

Grade 3

Grade 4

Grade 5

Grade 6

Grade 7

Grade 8

Grade 9

Grade 10

Grade 11

Criterion Test Name

Not Provided

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

SAT EBRW*

SAT EBRW*

SAT EBRW*

Cut points

Not Provided

Star SS <95

SBA PR <20

Star SS <224

SBA PR <20

Star SS <328

SBA PR <20

Star SS <413

SBA PR <20

Star SS <484

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <542

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <604

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <700

SAT PR <20

Star SS <746

SAT PR <20

Star SS <819

SAT PR <20

Base rate in the sample for children requiring intensive intervention

Not Provided

15%

16%

15%

17%

14%

15%

16%

20%

20%

21%

Base rate in the sample for children considered at-risk, including those with the most intensive needs

Not Provided

26%

24%

24%

25%

24%

24%

25%

28%

29%

28%

False Positive Rate

Not Provided

18%

14%

14%

14%

14%

13%

14%

16%

18%

16%

False Negative Rate

Not Provided

27%

22%

21%

20%

20%

19%

20%

24%

26%

25%

Sensitivity

Not Provided

73%

78%

79%

80%

80%

81%

80%

76%

74%

75%

Specificity

Not Provided

82%

86%

86%

86%

86%

87%

86%

84%

82%

84%

Positive Predictive Power

Not Provided

42%

53%

51%

55%

49%

53%

53%

54%

51%

55%

Negative Predictive Power

Not Provided

94%

95%

96%

95%

96%

96%

96%

94%

92%

93%

Overall Classification Rate

Not Provided

81%

85%

85%

85%

85%

86%

85%

83%

80%

82%

Area Under the Curve (AUC)

Not Provided

0.86

0.91

0.91

0.92

0.91

0.92

0.91

0.88

0.88

0.88

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Lower

Not Provided

0.85

0.90

0.91

0.91

0.90

0.91

0.90

0.85

0.86

0.87

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Upper

Not Provided

0.87

0.91

0.92

0.93

0.92

0.93

0.92

0.9

0.89

0.89

 

Criterion 2, Winter

 

Grade 1

Grade 2

Grade 3

Grade 4

Grade 5

Grade 6

Grade 7

Grade 8

Grade 9

Grade 10

Grade 11

Criterion Test Name

Not Provided

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

SAT EBRW*

SAT EBRW*

SAT EBRW*

Cut points

Not Provided

Star SS <178 SBA PR <20

Star SS <281

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <384

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <448

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <511

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <578

SBA PR <20

Star SS <634

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <716

 SAT PR <20

Star SS <783

 SAT PR <20

Star SS <825

 SAT PR <20

Base rate in the sample for children requiring intensive intervention

Not Provided

16%

20%

15%

18%

15%

17%

17%

23%

21%

22%

Base rate in the sample for children considered at-risk, including those with the most intensive needs

Not Provided

25%

27%

23%

27%

23%

25%

25%

32%

29%

30%

False Positive Rate

Not Provided

16%

14%

13%

15%

14%

14%

15%

19%

17%

18%

False Negative Rate

Not Provided

24%

22%

18%

17%

21%

20%

21%

24%

26%

27%

Sensitivity

Not Provided

76%

78%

82%

83%

79%

80%

79%

76%

74%

73%

Specificity

Not Provided

84%

86%

87%

85%

86%

86%

85%

81%

83%

82%

Positive Predictive Power

Not Provided

47%

58%

54%

55%

50%

54%

51%

55%

53%

54%

Negative Predictive Power

Not Provided

95%

94%

96%

96%

96%

95%

95%

92%

93%

92%

Overall Classification Rate

Not Provided

83%

84%

86%

85%

85%

85%

84%

80%

81%

80%

Area Under the Curve (AUC)

Not Provided

0.89

0.91

0.93

0.92

0.91

0.91

0.91

0.88

0.87

0.87

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Lower

Not Provided

0.88

0.90

0.92

0.92

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.86

0.86

0.83

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Upper

Not Provided

0.90

0.92

0.94

0.93

0.92

0.92

0.92

0.90

0.89

0.91

 

Criterion 2, Spring

 

Grade 1

Grade 2

Grade 3

Grade 4

Grade 5

Grade 6

Grade 7

Grade 8

Grade 9

Grade 10

Grade 11

Criterion Test Name

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Smarter Balanced ELA

Georgia Milestones Ninth Grade Literature and Composition

SAT EBRW*

SAT EBRW*

Not Provided

Cut points

Star SS <95

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <239

SBA PR <20

Star SS <339

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <422

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <489

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <540

 SBA PR <20

Star SS <611

 SBA PR <20

Star SS < 571

Milestones PR < 20

Star SS <731

 SAT PR <20

Star SS <820

SAT PR <20

Not Provided

Base rate in the sample for children requiring intensive intervention

13%

16%

15%

16%

14%

14%

15%

20%

23%

20%

Not Provided

Base rate in the sample for children considered at-risk, including those with the most intensive needs

26%

25%

24%

25%

23%

22%

24%

27%

31%

28%

Not Provided

False Positive Rate

19%

15%

14%

14%

14%

13%

14%

15%

19%

17%

Not Provided

False Negative Rate

30%

22%

21%

20%

23%

22%

20%

23%

28%

26%

Not Provided

Sensitivity

70%

78%

79%

80%

77%

78%

80%

77%

72%

74%

Not Provided

Specificity

81%

85%

86%

86%

86%

87%

86%

85%

81%

83%

Not Provided

Positive Predictive Power

36%

49%

49%

54%

47%

49%

49%

56%

53%

53%

Not Provided

Negative Predictive Power

95%

95%

96%

96%

96%

96%

96%

94%

91%

93%

Not Provided

Overall Classification Rate

80%

84%

85%

85%

85%

86%

85%

84%

79%

81%

Not Provided

Area Under the Curve (AUC)

0.85

0.90

0.91

0.92

0.90

0.91

0.91

0.90

0.88

0.87

Not Provided

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Lower

0.82

0.89

0.90

0.91

0.89

0.90

0.90

0.88

0.86

0.86

Not Provided

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Upper

0.87

0.91

0.92

0.92

0.91

0.92

0.92

0.91

0.90

0.89

Not Provided

 

 

Additional Classification Accuracy

The following are provided for context and did not factor into the Classification Accuracy ratings.

 

Cross-Validation Sample

Criterion 1, Fall

 

Grade 1

Grade 2

Grade 3

Grade 4

Grade 5

Grade 6

Grade 7

Grade 8

Grade 9

Grade 10

Grade 11

Criterion Test Name

Not Provided

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

Cut points

Not Provided

Star SS <187
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <231
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 281

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS <395
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 410

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS < 456

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS <534
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 564

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS < 585

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS <798
PARCC PR <20

Base rate in the sample for children requiring intensive intervention

Not Provided

5%

7%

4%

5%

4%

5%

7%

4%

4%

11%

Base rate in the sample for children considered at-risk, including those with the most intensive needs

Not Provided

15%

14%

8%

13%

9%

10%

14%

13%

12%

29%

False Positive Rate

Not Provided

12%

10%

5%

10%

8%

7%

9%

10%

10%

22%

False Negative Rate

Not Provided

32%

20%

24%

14%

43%

23%

22%

18%

28%

13%

Sensitivity

Not Provided

68%

80%

76%

86%

57%

78%

78%

82%

72%

87%

Specificity

Not Provided

88%

90%

95%

90%

92%

93%

91%

90%

90%

78%

Positive Predictive Power

Not Provided

22%

37%

38%

32%

23%

40%

42%

26%

24%

33%

Negative Predictive Power

Not Provided

98%

99%

99%

99%

98%

99%

98%

99%

99%

98%

Overall Classification Rate

Not Provided

87%

90%

94%

90%

91%

93%

90%

90%

90%

79%

Area Under the Curve (AUC)

Not Provided

0.91

0.93

0.93

0.96

0.94

0.94

0.94

0.90

0.91

0.90

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Lower

Not Provided

0.87

0.90

0.89

0.95

0.92

0.91

0.91

0.87

0.88

0.86

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Upper

Not Provided

0.95

0.96

0.96

0.98

0.97

0.96

0.97

0.94

0.94

0.93

 

Criterion 1, Winter

 

Grade 1

Grade 2

Grade 3

Grade 4

Grade 5

Grade 6

Grade 7

Grade 8

Grade 9

Grade 10

Grade 11

Criterion Test Name

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

Cut points

Star SS < 85

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS <187
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <290
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <376
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <450
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 462

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS <527
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 538

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS < 580

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS < 609

PARCC PR < 20

Star SS < 769

PARCC PR < 20

Base rate in the sample for children requiring intensive intervention

8%

6%

7%

8%

5%

8%

8%

7%

6%

45%

20%

Base rate in the sample for children considered at-risk, including those with the most intensive needs

27%

13%

11%

12%

11%

14%

12%

14%

12%

50%

49%

False Positive Rate

22%

10%

6%

6%

7%

9%

8%

9%

8%

9%

40%

False Negative Rate

19%

33%

18%

22%

19%

27%

33%

22%

38%

0%

13%

Sensitivity

81%

67%

82%

78%

81%

73%

67%

78%

62%

100%

88%

Specificity

78%

90%

94%

94%

93%

91%

92%

91%

92%

91%

60%

Positive Predictive Power

24%

28%

49%

53%

41%

40%

43%

42%

33%

90%

35%

Negative Predictive Power

98%

98%

99%

98%

99%

98%

97%

98%

97%

100%

95%

Overall Classification Rate

78%

89%

93%

92%

93%

90%

90%

90%

90%

95%

65%

Area Under the Curve (AUC)

0.87

0.92

0.97

0.96

0.96

0.93

0.90

0.92

0.86

0.99

0.83

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Lower

0.83

0.87

0.95

0.93

0.94

0.90

0.86

0.88

0.76

0.96

0.71

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Upper

0.92

0.96

0.98

0.98

0.99

0.96

0.95

0.97

0.96

1.00

0.95

 

Criterion 1, Spring

 

Grade 1

Grade 2

Grade 3

Grade 4

Grade 5

Grade 6

Grade 7

Grade 8

Grade 9

Grade 10

Grade 11

Criterion Test Name

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

PARCC ELA

Not Provided

Cut points

Star SS <129
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <238
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <336
PARCC PR <20

Star SS <419
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 449

PARCC PR<20

Star SS < 485

PARCC PR<20

Star SS <572
PARCC PR <20

Star SS < 587

PARCC PR<20

Star SS < 590

PARCC PR<20

Star SS <830
PARCC PR <20

Not Provided

Base rate in the sample for children requiring intensive intervention

6%

5%

6%

4%

3%

5%

7%

3%

3%

7%

Not Provided

Base rate in the sample for children considered at-risk, including those with the most intensive needs

19%

12%

12%

12%

7%

15%

19%

14%

10%

26%

Not Provided

False Positive Rate

15%

9%

8%

8%

6%

11%

14%

11%

8%

22%

Not Provided

False Negative Rate

24%

31%

29%

7%

44%

11%

9%

17%

14%

17%

Not Provided

Sensitivity

76%

69%

71%

93%

56%

89%

91%

83%

86%

83%

Not Provided

Specificity

85%

91%

92%

92%

94%

89%

86%

89%

92%

78%

Not Provided

Positive Predictive Power

23%

29%

38%

34%

21%

31%

32%

21%

27%

22%

Not Provided

Negative Predictive Power

98%

98%

98%

100%

99%

99%

99%

99%

99%

99%

Not Provided

Overall Classification Rate

84%

90%

91%

92%

93%

89%

86%

88%

92%

79%

Not Provided

Area Under the Curve (AUC)

0.90

0.93

0.95

0.98

0.88

0.94

0.96

0.88

0.89

0.90

Not Provided

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Lower

0.85

0.90

0.93

0.97

0.82

0.92

0.93

0.82

0.84

0.84

Not Provided

AUC 95% Confidence Interval Upper

0.94

0.96

0.97

0.99

0.94

0.97

0.98

0.93

0.94

0.95

Not Provided

 

Reliability

Grade1234567891011
RatingFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubble
  1. Justification for each type of reliability reported, given the type and purpose of the tool

The internal consistency reliability coefficient estimates the proportion of variability within a single administration of a test that is due to inconsistency among the items that comprise the test.

 

  1. Description of the sample(s), including size and characteristics, for each reliability analysis conducted

For each grade, a large sample (n = 100,000) of students completed Star Reading assessments throughout the 2012–2013 school year.

 

  1. Description of the analysis procedures for each reported type of reliability:

Reliability was defined as the proportion of test score variance that is attributable to true variation in the trait the test measures.  

The variance of the test scores was calculated from Scaled Score data. The variance of the errors of measurement was estimated from the conditional standard error of measurement (CSEM) statistics that accompany each of the IRT-based test scores, including the Scaled Scores. The conditional standard error of measurement (CSEM) was calculated along with the IRT ability estimate and Scaled Score. Squaring and summing the CSEM values yielded an estimate of total squared error; dividing by the number of observations yielded an estimate of error variance.

Generic reliability was calculated by subtracting the ratio of error variance to Scaled Score variance from 1.

 

  1. Reliability of performance level score (e.g., model-based, internal consistency, inter-rater reliability).

Type of Reliability

Age or Grade

n

Coefficient

Confidence Interval

Generic

Grade 1

100,000

0.95

0.95-0.95

Generic

Grade 2

100,000

0.94

0.94-0.94

Generic

Grade 3

100,000

0.93

0.93-0.93

Generic

Grade 4

100,000

0.93

0.93-0.93

Generic

Grade 5

100,000

0.93

0.93-0.93

Generic

Grade 6

100,000

0.93

0.93-0.93

Generic

Grade 7

100,000

0.93

0.93-0.93

Generic

Grade 8

100,000

0.94

0.94-0.94

Generic

Grade 9

100,000

0.94

0.94-0.94

Generic

Grade 10

100,000

0.94

0.94-0.94

Generic

Grade 11

100,000

0.95

0.95-0.95

Generic

Grade 12

100,000

0.95

0.95-0.95

 

Disaggregated Reliability

The following disaggregated reliability data are provided for context and did not factor into the Reliability rating.

Type of Reliability

Subgroup

Age or Grade

n

Coefficient

Confidence Interval

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

Validity

Grade1234567891011
RatingFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubbleFull bubble
  1. Description of each criterion measure used and explanation as to why each measure is appropriate, given the type and purpose of the tool

All criterion measures were external to the screening tool system and represent widely used assessments of general reading ability.

  • CAT-5. The California Achievement Test, is a nationally normed standardized test that measures achievement in reading.
  • ITBS. The Iowa Tests For Basic Skills are nationally normed standardized tests that offer educators a diagnostic look at how their students are progressing in reading comprehension.
  • PARCC. The Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers end-of-year assessment covers reading and is intended to be used as an indicator of student needs and progress.
  • SBA. Smarter Balanced assessments are summative tests designed to measure student achievement and growth in reading to support teaching and learning.
  • ACT. The American College Testing college readiness assessment is a national standardized test for high school achievement and college admissions.
  • SAT EBRW. The SAT Evidence-based reading and writing assessment is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States.

 

  1. Description of the sample(s), including size and characteristics, for each validity analysis conducted:

Samples included students who had taken both Star Reading and the criterion measure.   The sample sizes varied across criterion and grades, ranging from 105 to 10,800 students.

 

  1. Description of the analysis procedures for each reported type of validity:

Concurrent and predictive correlations were calculated.  A criterion assessment was considered concurrent if it was taken during the same school year as the Star Reading assessment.  The correlation was considered predictive if the criterion assessment was taken one or more school years after the Star Reading assessment.

 

  1. Validity for the performance level score (e.g., concurrent, predictive, evidence based on response processes, evidence based on internal structure, evidence based on relations to other variables, and/or evidence based on consequences of testing), and the criterion measures.

Type of Validity

Age or Grade

Test or Criterion

n

Coefficient

Confidence Interval

Concurrent

Grade 1

MAP

2,007

0.79

0.77-0.81

Concurrent

Grade 1

CAT-5

68

0.79

0.68-0.86

Concurrent

Grade 2

CAT-5

315

0.72

0.66-0.77

Concurrent

Grade 2

ITBS

58

0.74

0.60-0.84

Concurrent

Grade 3

PARCC

1,391

0.83

0.81-0.85

Concurrent

Grade 3

SBA

11,068

0.82

0.81-0.83

Concurrent

Grade 4

PARCC

4,606

0.82

0.81-0.83

Concurrent

Grade 4

SBA

12,200

0.82

0.81-0.82

Concurrent

Grade 5

PARCC

5,391

0.78

0.77-0.79

Concurrent

Grade 5

SBA

10,908

0.83

0.82-0.84

Concurrent

Grade 6

PARCC

5,466

0.79

0.78-0.8

Concurrent

Grade 6

SBA

8,072

0.81

0.80-0.82

Concurrent

Grade 7

PARCC

5,197

0.8

0.79-0.81

Concurrent

Grade 7

SBA

6,320

0.83

0.82-0.84

Concurrent

Grade 8

PARCC

4,733

0.77

0.76-0.78

Concurrent

Grade 8

SBA

6,209

0.83

0.82-0.84

Concurrent

Grade 9

PARCC

3,344

0.77

0.76-0.78

Predictive

Grade 9

SAT grade 11

509

0.74

0.70-0.78

Concurrent

Grade 10

PARCC

1,901

0.73

0.71-0.75

Concurrent

Grade 10

SBA

261

0.74

0.68-0.79

Concurrent

Grade 11

ACT

1,776

0.70

0.67-0.72

Concurrent

Grade 11

CAT-5

48

0.79

0.65-0.88

Predictive

Grade 1

ACT Aspire grade 3

4,201

0.69

0.68-0.71

Predictive

Grade 2

ACT Aspire grade 3

5,136

0.81

0.8-0.82

Predictive

Grade 3

ACT Aspire

6,052

0.84

0.83-0.85

Predictive

Grade 4

ACT Aspire

6,102

0.82

0.81-0.83

Predictive

Grade 5

ACT Aspire

6,037

0.82

0.81-0.83

Predictive

Grade 6

ACT Aspire

5,480

0.82

0.81-0.83

Predictive

Grade 7

ACT Aspire

5,269

0.81

0.8-0.82

Predictive

Grade 8

ACT Aspire

5,552

0.79

0.78-0.8

Predictive

Grade 10

ACT Aspire

4,965

0.76

0.75-0.77

Predictive

Grade 11

ACT

10,839

0.71

0.70-0.72

 

  1. Results for other forms of validity (e.g. factor analysis) not conducive to the table format:

None provided

 

  1. Describe the degree to which the provided data support the validity of the tool

The provided data indicate that Star Reading results correspond to other various respected measures of general reading ability.

 

 

Disaggregated Validity

The following disaggregated validity data are provided for context and did not factor into the Validity rating.

Type of Validity

Subgroup

Age or Grade

Test or Criterion

n

Coefficient

Confidence Interval

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Results for other forms of disaggregated validity (e.g. factor analysis) not conducive to the table format:

None provided

 

Sample Representativeness

Grade1234567891011
Data
  • National with Cross-Validation
  • National with Cross-Validation
  • National with Cross-Validation
  • National with Cross-Validation
  • National with Cross-Validation
  • National with Cross-Validation
  • National with Cross-Validation
  • National with Cross-Validation
  • National with Cross-Validation
  • National with Cross-Validation
  • National with Cross-Validation
  • Primary Classification Accuracy Sample

     

    Criterion 1, Fall

     

    Grade 1

    Grade 2

    Grade 3

    Grade 4

    Grade 5

    Grade 6

    Grade 7

    Grade 8

    Grade 9

    Grade 10

    Grade 11

    Criterion Test Name

     

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    Date

     

    Fall 2013

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Size

    Not Provided

    1,340

    1,694

    3,862

    3,759

    4,269

    4,128

    3,853

    2,921

    2,043

    372

    Male

    Not Provided

    51.30%

    52.20%

    50.60%

    50.70%

    52.60%

    52.70%

    51.30%

    52.80%

    51.60%

    51.30%

    Female

    Not Provided

    48.70%

    47.80%

    49.20%

    49.10%

    47.30%

    47.30%

    48.70%

    47.20%

    48.30%

    48.70%

    Other SES Indicators (Title I)

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Free or reduced-price lunch

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    White, Non-Hispanic

    Not Provided

    2.7%

    2.7%

    9.3%

    9.6%

    8.9%

    11.8%

    13.1%

    10.4%

    5.5%

    22.0%

    Black, Non-Hispanic

    Not Provided

    3.5%

    4.2%

    13.7%

    13.3%

    13.6%

    14.2%

    14.4%

    14.3%

    9.3%

    2.4%

    Hispanic

    Not Provided

    31.3%

    37.2%

    45.4%

    46.3%

    50.2%

    52.4%

    52.0%

    47.2%

    49.5%

    74.5%

    American Indian/ Alaska Native

    Not Provided

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.6%

    0.4%

    0.3%

    0.5%

    0.5%

    0.3%

    0.4%

    0.3%

    Asian/Pacific Islander

    Not Provided

    0.7%

    0.6%

    2.5%

    3.0%

    2.7%

    3.4%

    2.4%

    2.8%

    3.0%

    0.3%

    Other

    Not Provided

    0.2%

    0.3%

    3.2%

    3.0%

    2.9%

    2.4%

    2.7%

    2.6%

    1.2%

    0.3%

    Unknown

    Not Provided

    61.6%

    54.9%

    25.2%

    24.5%

    21.5%

    15.2%

    14.8%

    22.4%

    31.1%

    0.3%

    Disability classification

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    English Language Learner

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    States/Regions covered

    Not Provided

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, NJ, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, NJ, RI (Regions: South, West, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, NJ, RI (Regions: South, West, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, Middle Atlantic, New England)

     

     

    Criterion 1, Winter

     

    Grade 1

    Grade 2

    Grade 3

    Grade 4

    Grade 5

    Grade 6

    Grade 7

    Grade 8

    Grade 9

    Grade 10

    Grade 11

    Criterion Test Name

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    Date

    Winter 2012-13

    Winter 2013-14

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Size

    344

    1,345

    1,627

    3,427

    3,037

    3,260

    3,101

    2,639

    1,886

    1,570

    224

    Male

    51.50%

    51.40%

    51.70%

    50.00%

    51.00%

    52.40%

    52.60%

    52.00%

    52.00%

    52.10%

    50.00%

    Female

    48.50%

    48.60%

    48.30%

    49.80%

    48.90%

    47.50%

    47.40%

    48.00%

    47.60%

    47.80%

    50.00%

    Other SES Indicators (Title I)

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Free or reduced-price lunch

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    White, Non-Hispanic

    5.8%

    2.7%

    2.5%

    9.7%

    10.3%

    9.9%

    11.9%

    14.0%

    8.7%

    6.4%

    36.6%

    Black, Non-Hispanic

    1.7%

    3.5%

    4.4%

    13.7%

    13.1%

    14.0%

    13.3%

    11.9%

    13.0%

    9.9%

    3.1%

    Hispanic

    1.2%

    30.4%

    39.4%

    43.3%

    49.7%

    43.3%

    51.0%

    49.1%

    39.0%

    40.6%

    59.4%

    American Indian/ Alaska Native

    0.0%

    0.7%

    0.0%

    0.6%

    0.3%

    0.3%

    0.5%

    0.3%

    0.2%

    0.3%

    0.0%

    Asian/Pacific Islander

    0.9%

    0.0%

    0.6%

    2.2%

    2.8%

    2.4%

    3.5%

    1.6%

    3.1%

    3.4%

    0.0%

    Other

    0.0%

    0.2%

    0.3%

    3.0%

    2.9%

    3.2%

    2.4%

    2.6%

    2.3%

    1.3%

    0.4%

    Unknown

    90.4%

    62.5%

    52.8%

    27.4%

    20.8%

    26.9%

    17.6%

    20.5%

    33.7%

    38.1%

    0.4%

    Disability classification

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    English Language Learner

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    States/Regions covered

    AR, CO, IL, NM (Regions: South, West, Midwest; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, NJ, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, NJ, RI (Regions: South, West, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, NJ, RI (Regions: South, West, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, Middle Atlantic, New England)

     

    Criterion 1, Spring

     

    Grade 1

    Grade 2

    Grade 3

    Grade 4

    Grade 5

    Grade 6

    Grade 7

    Grade 8

    Grade 9

    Grade 10

    Grade 11

    Criterion Test Name

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    Not Provided

    Date

    Spring 2013

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Not Provided

    Size

    415

    1,320

    1,798

    3,426

    3,846

    3,199

    2,983

    2,198

    1,469

    124

    Not Provided

    Male

    50.40%

    51.70%

    50.90%

    49.90%

    52.70%

    52.50%

    51.40%

    52.50%

    51.90%

    61.30%

    Not Provided

    Female

    49.60%

    48.30%

    49.10%

    49.90%

    47.20%

    47.50%

    48.60%

    47.50%

    47.69%

    38.70%

    Not Provided

    Other SES Indicators (Title I)

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not Provided

    Free or reduced-price lunch

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not Provided

    White, Non-Hispanic

    5.3%

    2.7%

    12.1%

    9.5%

    8.7%

    13.8%

    15.4%

    11.6%

    6.2%

    63.7%

    Not Provided

    Black, Non-Hispanic

    2.2%

    3.7%

    10.3%

    12.9%

    13.2%

    15.6%

    15.5%

    14.7%

    11.1%

    3.2%

    Not Provided

    Hispanic

    2.9%

    29.5%

    25.6%

    47.3%

    51.5%

    46.5%

    45.9%

    42.4%

    38.6%

    30.6%

    Not Provided

    American Indian/ Alaska Native

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.4%

    0.3%

    0.4%

    0.4%

    0.2%

    0.4%

    0.0%

    Not Provided

    Asian/Pacific Islander

    1.0%

    0.8%

    0.5%

    3.1%

    2.8%

    4.0%

    2.8%

    3.1%

    3.7%

    0.8%

    Not Provided

    Other

    0.0%

    0.2%

    2.6%

    2.8%

    2.6%

    2.6%

    3.1%

    3.0%

    1.2%

    1.6%

    Not Provided

    Unknown

    88.7%

    63.2%

    48.9%

    24.1%

    20.9%

    17.1%

    16.9%

    25.0%

    38.7%

    0.0%

    Not Provided

    Disability classification

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not Provided

    English Language Learner

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not Provided

    States/Regions covered

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, NM, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, IL, NJ, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, NJ, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, Middle Atlantic, New England)

    AR, CO, OH, RI (Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast; Divisions: West South Central, Mountain, East North Central, New England)

    CO, RI (Regions: West, Northeast; Divisions: Mountain, New England)

    Not Provided

     

     

    Criterion 2, Fall

     

    Grade 1

    Grade 2

    Grade 3

    Grade 4

    Grade 5

    Grade 6

    Grade 7

    Grade 8

    Grade 9

    Grade 10

    Grade 11

    Criterion Test Name

    Not Provided

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    SAT EBRW*

    SAT EBRW*

    SAT EBRW*

    Date

    Not Provided

    Fall 2012

    Fall 2013

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2013-2014

    Fall 2014-2015

    Fall 2015-2016

    Size

    Not Provided

    6,526

    8,349

    8,383

    8,368

    8,279

    8,383

    8,581

    817

    2,080

    2,881

    Male

    Not Provided

    50.58%

    50.39%

    51.2%

    51.43%

    50.98%

    50.18%

    51.21%

    47.37%

    48.22%

    48.11%

    Female

    Not Provided

    49.31%

    49.38%

    48.56%

    48.43%

    48.86%

    49.61%

    48.32%

    48.35%

    49.52%

    50.19%

    Other SES Indicators (Title I)

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Free or reduced-price lunch

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    White, Non-Hispanic

    Not Provided

    40.29%

    41.33%

    41.14%

    42.29%

    39.22%

    39.2%

    39.7%

    32.19%

    32.4%

    36.48%

    Black, Non-Hispanic

    Not Provided

    4.73%

    4.85%

    4.74%

    4.78%

    4.53%

    5.3%

    5.28%

    15.54%

    29.9%

    27.21%

    Hispanic

    Not Provided

    35.76%

    33.68%

    33.31%

    31.18%

    30.74%

    30.43%

    29.93%

    36.6%

    19.13%

    16.52%

    American Indian/ Alaska Native

    Not Provided

    0.41%

    0.99%

    1.05%

    1.15%

    1.03%

    1.18%

    0.94%

    0.49%

    0.38%

    0.66%

    Asian/Pacific Islander

    Not Provided

    12.89%

    12.36%

    13.21%

    12.27%

    13.67%

    12.63%

    12.76%

    5.75%

    3.8%

    3.78%

    Other

    Not Provided

    3.33%

    4.19%

    3.82%

    4.47%

    3.58%

    3.82%

    3.37%

    0%

    0.96%

    4.82%

    Unknown

    Not Provided

    2.59%

    2.59%

    2.74%

    3.86%

    7.24%

    7.44%

    8.02%

    9.42%

    13.41%

    10.52%

    Disability classification

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    English Language Learner

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    States/Regions covered

    Not Provided

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CT, ID, IL, MI (Northeast, Midwest, & West; New England, East North Central, & Mountain)

    CT, ID, IL, MI (Northeast, Midwest, & West; New England, East North Central, & Mountain)

    CT, ID, IL, ME, MI (Northeast, Midwest, & West; New England, East North Central, & Mountain)

     

     

    Criterion 2, Winter

     

    Grade 1

    Grade 2

    Grade 3

    Grade 4

    Grade 5

    Grade 6

    Grade 7

    Grade 8

    Grade 9

    Grade 10

    Grade 11

    Criterion Test Name

    Not Provided

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    SAT EBRW*

    SAT EBRW*

    SAT EBRW*

    Date

    Not Provided

    Winter 2012-13

    Winter 2013-14

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2013-2015

    Winter 2014-2016

    Winter 2015-2016

    Size

    Not Provided

    6,635

    4,489

    6,388

    6,235

    5,271

    4,703

    4,845

    1,338

    2,091

    386

    Male

    Not Provided

    50.61%

    50.63%

    50.55%

    51.24%

    50.84%

    49.84%

    52.01%

    48.13%

    48.21%

    44.56%

    Female

    Not Provided

    49.27%

    48.94%

    49.12%

    48.58%

    48.93%

    49.71%

    47.14%

    49.18%

    49.59%

    43.78%

    Other SES Indicators (Title I)

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Free or reduced-price lunch

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    White, Non-Hispanic

    Not Provided

    40.33%

    33.13%

    41.67%

    41.17%

    38.27%

    42.02%

    40.25%

    22.5%

    31.66%

    18.91%

    Black, Non-Hispanic

    Not Provided

    4.87%

    5.84%

    5.35%

    5.44%

    5.6%

    7.48%

    7.41%

    42.6%

    30.61%

    24.35%

    Hispanic

    Not Provided

    35.9%

    42.9%

    29.98%

    30.07%

    29.99%

    24.39%

    25.14%

    23.84%

    19.13%

    21.24%

    American Indian/ Alaska Native

    Not Provided

    0.44%

    1.18%

    1.14%

    1.27%

    1.23%

    1.4%

    0.8%

    0.45%

    0.38%

    0%

    Asian/Pacific Islander

    Not Provided

    12.51%

    9.38%

    14.98%

    14.16%

    11.82%

    12.03%

    13.27%

    4.86%

    3.73%

    4.15%

    Other

    Not Provided

    3.32%

    3.94%

    3.98%

    4.64%

    3.05%

    2.57%

    2.04%

    0%

    0.91%

    0%

    Unknown

    Not Provided

    2.64%

    3.63%

    2.9%

    3.26%

    10.04%

    10.1%

    11.08%

    5.75%

    13.58%

    31.35%

    Disability classification

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    English Language Learner

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    States/Regions covered

    Not Provided

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CT, ID, IL, MI (Northeast, Midwest, & West; New England, East North Central, & Mountain)

    CT, ID, IL, MI (Northeast, Midwest, & West; New England, East North Central, & Mountain)

    CT, ID, IL, MI (Northeast, Midwest, & West; New England, East North Central, & Mountain)

     

    Criterion 2, Spring

     

    Grade 1

    Grade 2

    Grade 3

    Grade 4

    Grade 5

    Grade 6

    Grade 7

    Grade 8

    Grade 9

    Grade 10

    Grade 11

    Criterion Test Name

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Smarter Balanced ELA

    Georgia Milestones Ninth Grade Literature and Composition

    SAT EBRW*

    SAT EBRW*

    Not Provided

    Date

    Spring 2013

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Winter and Spring, 2014-15

    Spring 2014 & Spring 2015

    Spring 2015 & Spring 2016

    Not Provided

    Size

    1,850

    6,675

    6,697

    6,644

    6,097

    6,154

    5,064

    2,965

    1,396

    2,074

    Not Provided

    Male

    47.78%

    50.26%

    50.66%

    50.99%

    52.22%

    49.85%

    51.03%

    49.51%

    47.56%

    48.07%

    Not Provided

    Female

    52.22%

    49.62%

    49.22%

    48.99%

    47.63%

    50%

    48.48%

    50.49%

    49.71%

    49.61%

    Not Provided

    Other SES Indicators (Title I)

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not Provided

    Free or reduced-price lunch

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not Provided

    White, Non-Hispanic

    27.03%

    40.36%

    39.51%

    41.87%

    37.81%

    38.06%

    38.96%

    13.86%

    21.49%

    32.4%

    Not Provided

    Black, Non-Hispanic

    4.7%

    4.76%

    4.88%

    4.58%

    4.38%

    5.04%

    4.64%

    60.10%

    44.56%

    30.04%

    Not Provided

    Hispanic

    53.08%

    35.34%

    35.36%

    32.01%

    31.44%

    29.72%

    25.85%

    16.80%

    22.85%

    19.05%

    Not Provided

    American Indian/ Alaska Native

    0.11%

    0.42%

    0.43%

    0.51%

    0.57%

    0.88%

    0.63%

    0.13%

    0.43%

    0.43%

    Not Provided

    Asian/Pacific Islander

    7.19%

    12.99%

    13.57%

    12.72%

    13.7%

    13.99%

    14.77%

    7.39%

    5.01%

    3.76%

    Not Provided

    Other

    3.41%

    3.48%

    3.42%

    4.15%

    3.26%

    3.57%

    3.83%

    1.65%

    0%

    0.96%

    Not Provided

    Unknown

    4.49%

    2.65%

    2.82%

    4.15%

    8.84%

    8.74%

    11.32%

    0.07%

    5.66%

    13.36%

    Not Provided

    Disability classification

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not Provided

    English Language Learner

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not Provided

    States/Regions covered

    CA, OR, WA (West; Pacific)

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    CA, CT, OR, WA (Northeast & West; New England & Pacific divisions

    GA (South; South Atlantic division)

    CT, ID, IL, MI (Northeast, Midwest, & West; New England, East North Central, & Mountain)

    CT, ID, IL, MI (Northeast, Midwest, & West; New England, East North Central, & Mountain)

    Not Provided

     

     

     

    Cross Validation Sample

     

    Criterion 1, Fall

     

    Grade 1

    Grade 2

    Grade 3

    Grade 4

    Grade 5

    Grade 6

    Grade 7

    Grade 8

    Grade 9

    Grade 10

    Grade 11

    Criterion Test Name

    Not Provided

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    Date

    Not Provided

    Fall 2013

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Fall 2014

    Size

    Not Provided

    635

    701

    707

    716

    733

    752

    737

    814

    794

    718

    Male

    Not Provided

    48.70%

    50.10%

    49.20%

    52.10%

    53.20%

    53.10%

    51.00%

    51.80%

    52.30%

    53.30%

    Female

    Not Provided

    51.30%

    49.90%

    50.80%

    47.90%

    46.80%

    46.90%

    49.00%

    48.20%

    47.70%

    46.70%

    Other SES Indicators (Title I)

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Free or reduced-price lunch

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    White, Non-Hispanic

    Not Provided

    12.4%

    11.4%

    11.3%

    13.0%

    11.3%

    12.4%

    11.9%

    12.0%

    12.3%

    12.4%

    Black, Non-Hispanic

    Not Provided

    6.3%

    7.0%

    6.2%

    6.1%

    8.2%

    9.4%

    10.4%

    8.8%

    9.4%

    9.3%

    Hispanic

    Not Provided

    48.5%

    49.8%

    51.3%

    50.7%

    51.6%

    49.9%

    49.7%

    49.3%

    46.1%

    46.1%

    American Indian/ Alaska Native

    Not Provided

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.3%

    0.3%

    0.1%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.3%

    Asian/Pacific Islander

    Not Provided

    30.4%

    29.7%

    29.3%

    28.2%

    26.9%

    26.3%

    26.7%

    29.2%

    31.0%

    31.1%

    Other

    Not Provided

    2.4%

    2.1%

    1.6%

    1.7%

    1.9%

    2.0%

    1.2%

    0.7%

    1.1%

    0.8%

    Unknown

    Not Provided

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    Disability classification

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    English Language Learner

    Not Provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    States/Regions covered

    Not Provided

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

     

     

    Criterion 1, Winter

     

    Grade 1

    Grade 2

    Grade 3

    Grade 4

    Grade 5

    Grade 6

    Grade 7

    Grade 8

    Grade 9

    Grade 10

    Grade 11

    Criterion Test Name

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    Date

    Winter 2012-13

    Winter 2013-14

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Winter 2014-15

    Size

    448

    652

    580

    607

    691

    729

    756

    740

    204

    20

    81

    Male

    48.00%

    49.10%

    50.70%

    48.40%

    52.00%

    53.10%

    53.00%

    50.80%

    53.90%

    55.00%

    58.00%

    Female

    52.00%

    50.90%

    49.30%

    51.60%

    48.00%

    46.90%

    47.00%

    49.20%

    46.10%

    45.00%

    42.00%

    Other SES Indicators (Title I)

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Free or reduced-price lunch

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    White, Non-Hispanic

    14.1%

    12.3%

    10.7%

    11.2%

    12.7%

    11.4%

    12.4%

    11.9%

    11.3%

    20.0%

    18.5%

    Black, Non-Hispanic

    5.8%

    6.4%

    7.2%

    6.1%

    6.2%

    8.2%

    9.4%

    10.7%

    5.4%

    15.0%

    11.1%

    Hispanic

    46.0%

    48.8%

    49.8%

    50.9%

    50.8%

    51.7%

    49.6%

    49.6%

    43.1%

    25.0%

    35.8%

    American Indian/ Alaska Native

    Not Provided

    Not Provided

    0.0%

    0.3%

    0.3%

    0.1%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    Asian/Pacific Islander

    31.9%

    30.2%

    30.0%

    30.0%

    28.5%

    26.7%

    26.6%

    26.6%

    39.2%

    40.0%

    34.6%

    Other

    2.2%

    2.3%

    2.2%

    1.5%

    1.4%

    1.8%

    2.0%

    1.2%

    1.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    Unknown

    0.0%

     

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    Disability classification

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    English Language Learner

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    States/Regions covered

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

     

    Criterion 1, Spring

     

    Grade 1

    Grade 2

    Grade 3

    Grade 4

    Grade 5

    Grade 6

    Grade 7

    Grade 8

    Grade 9

    Grade 10

    Grade 11

    Criterion Test Name

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    PARCC ELA

    Not Provided

    Date

    Spring 2013

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Spring 2014

    Not Provided

    Size

    502

    611

    654

    670

    656

    702

    699

    705

    438

    360

    Not Provided

    Male

    49.80%

    48.90%

    49.70%

    52.50%

    51.50%

    53.40%

    50.40%

    50.70%

    56.50%

    49.60%

    Not Provided

    Female

    50.20%

    51.10%

    50.30%

    47.50%

    48.50%

    46.60%

    49.60%

    49.30%

    43.50%

    50.40%

    Not Provided

    Other SES Indicators (Title I)

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not Provided

    Free or reduced-price lunch

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not Provided

    White, Non-Hispanic

    13.3%

    11.5%

    11.6%

    13.6%

    11.4%

    12.6%

    12.4%

    12.7%

    11.2%

    13.6%

    Not Provided

    Black, Non-Hispanic

    6.4%

    6.7%

    5.7%

    5.4%

    7.5%

    7.8%

    10.9%

    8.9%

    9.8%

    8.9%

    Not Provided

    Hispanic

    47.0%

    48.8%

    50.9%

    49.7%

    51.1%

    50.3%

    48.4%

    49.2%

    46.5%

    42.7%

    Not Provided

    American Indian/Alaska Native

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.3%

    0.3%

    0.2%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.6%

    Not Provided

    Asian/Pacific Islander

    31.3%

    30.6%

    30.0%

    29.4%

    28.2%

    27.3%

    27.0%

    28.4%

    31.0%

    33.5%

    Not Provided

    Other

    2.0%

    2.5%

    1.5%

    1.6%

    1.7%

    2.0%

    1.3%

    0.8%

    1.6%

    0.8%

    Not Provided

    Unknown

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    0.0%

    Not Provided

    Disability classification

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not Provided

    English Language Learner

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not provided

    Not Provided

    States/Regions covered

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    NJ (Region: Northeast, Division: Middle Atlantic)

    Not Provided

     

    Bias Analysis Conducted

    Grade1234567891011
    RatingYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
    1. Description of the method used to determine the presence or absence of bias:

    Logistic regression analyses conditional on ability, group membership,

    and ability by group interaction were conducted to assess the presence of both uniform and non-uniform DIF simultaneously. Additionally, an effect size measure – Nagelkerke R-squared – was computed to quantify the magnitude of DIF where present.

     

    1. Description of the subgroups for which bias analyses were conducted:

    DIF analyses were conducted for gender (males and females) and race/ethnicity (Caucasian, African American, American Indian, Asian, and Hispanic subpopulations). Due to insufficient samples sizes on English Language Learner (ELLs) and students with disabilities (SWD), DIF analyses for these two subgroups were not possible at the time of the analyses.  

     

    1. Description of the results of the bias analyses conducted, including data and interpretative statements:

    Using a blended criterion that flagged items for uniform/non-uniform DIF if they had a p-value less than 0.01 and Nagelkerke R2 greater than or equal to 0.035, the results indicated that Star Reading is sufficiently bias-free. A total of 153 items (2% of the Star Reading items) were flagged for DIF. Those flagged items were removed from the item banks for review and recalibration.

    Administration Format

    Grade1234567891011
    Data
  • Individual
  • Group
  • Individual
  • Group
  • Individual
  • Group
  • Individual
  • Group
  • Individual
  • Group
  • Individual
  • Group
  • Individual
  • Group
  • Individual
  • Group
  • Individual
  • Group
  • Individual
  • Group
  • Individual
  • Group
  • Administration & Scoring Time

    Grade1234567891011
    Data
  • 18 minutes
  • 18 minutes
  • 18 minutes
  • 18 minutes
  • 18 minutes
  • 18 minutes
  • 18 minutes
  • 18 minutes
  • 18 minutes
  • 18 minutes
  • 18 minutes
  • Scoring Format

    Grade1234567891011
    Data
  • Automatic
  • Automatic
  • Automatic
  • Automatic
  • Automatic
  • Automatic
  • Automatic
  • Automatic
  • Automatic
  • Automatic
  • Automatic
  • Types of Decision Rules

    Grade1234567891011
    Data
  • Risk Benchmarks
  • Risk Benchmarks
  • Risk Benchmarks
  • Risk Benchmarks
  • Risk Benchmarks
  • Risk Benchmarks
  • Risk Benchmarks
  • Risk Benchmarks
  • Risk Benchmarks
  • Risk Benchmarks
  • Risk Benchmarks
  • Evidence Available for Multiple Decision Rules

    Grade1234567891011
    Data
  • No
  • No
  • No
  • No
  • No
  • No
  • No
  • No
  • No
  • No
  • No