Classworks Universal Screener
Mathematics

Summary

Classworks Universal Screeners for Mathematics are formal assessments used to measure readiness for grade level instruction, help identify baseline learning levels, and measure growth. The Universal Screeners were specifically designed for the purpose of screening students who may need additional intervention and can be used as part of the Response to Intervention (RtI) process. In addition to reporting an overall scaled score based on the total test, Classworks provides student strengths and weakness for key strands. Key strands include a minimum of four test questions to provide a reasonable estimate of student strengths and weaknesses.

Where to Obtain:
Developer: SEG Measurement Group; Publisher: Curriculum Advantage, Inc.
jtreichler@classworks.com
5185 Peachtree Parkway Suite 285 Peachtree Corners, GA 30092
770-325-5555
www.curriculumadvantage.com
Initial Cost:
$5.00 per student
Replacement Cost:
Free
Included in Cost:
Classworks Universal Screener is purchased as part of a comprehensive RTI program. When the full Classworks suite is purchased the screener is included. Classworks professional development includes free online training and virtual training sessions. Training days can be purchased at $1,500 - $1,800 per day depending on volume of days purchased.
Curriculum Advantage, makers of Classworks, considered several issues related to accommodations and elements of Universal Design of large-scale assessments- https://nceo.info/Resources/publications/onlinepubs/Synthesis44.html. Accommodations included are as follows: ● Extra time—Students may need extra time to complete the task. The assessment may be stopped and started as needed to allow students needing extra time to finish, is untimed, and can be administered in multiple test sessions. ● Administrations—Students may be given the amount of days necessary to complete the test. ● Presentation—Classworks diagnostic items are presented in a large, easily legible format specifically chosen for its readability. With HTML5, you have the ability to change the screen size and font size. ● Audio Support–Audio support is available for all grades. ● Setting—Classworks assessments are web-based. They can be completed on any device with internet access that meets technical requirements. Students may use headphones to benefit from audio support. ● Response—Classworks assessments are easily completed on a computer using point and click or on a tablet device using touch screens for those with motor impairment.
Training Requirements:
Less than 1 hr of training
Qualified Administrators:
Paraprofessional can administer the test
Access to Technical Support:
Dedicated account manager. Classworks support is available online via in product chat, by phone, and by email.
Assessment Format:
  • Direct: Computerized
Scoring Time:
  • Scoring is automatic OR
  • 0 minutes per student
Scores Generated:
  • Raw score
  • IRT-based score
  • Developmental benchmarks
  • Equated
  • Other: Strand level proficiency feedback
Administration Time:
  • 30 minutes per student
Scoring Method:
  • Manually (by hand)
  • Automatically (computer-scored)
Technology Requirements:
  • Computer or tablet
  • Internet connection
Accommodations:
Curriculum Advantage, makers of Classworks, considered several issues related to accommodations and elements of Universal Design of large-scale assessments- https://nceo.info/Resources/publications/onlinepubs/Synthesis44.html. Accommodations included are as follows: ● Extra time—Students may need extra time to complete the task. The assessment may be stopped and started as needed to allow students needing extra time to finish, is untimed, and can be administered in multiple test sessions. ● Administrations—Students may be given the amount of days necessary to complete the test. ● Presentation—Classworks diagnostic items are presented in a large, easily legible format specifically chosen for its readability. With HTML5, you have the ability to change the screen size and font size. ● Audio Support–Audio support is available for all grades. ● Setting—Classworks assessments are web-based. They can be completed on any device with internet access that meets technical requirements. Students may use headphones to benefit from audio support. ● Response—Classworks assessments are easily completed on a computer using point and click or on a tablet device using touch screens for those with motor impairment.

Descriptive Information

Please provide a description of your tool:
Classworks Universal Screeners for Mathematics are formal assessments used to measure readiness for grade level instruction, help identify baseline learning levels, and measure growth. The Universal Screeners were specifically designed for the purpose of screening students who may need additional intervention and can be used as part of the Response to Intervention (RtI) process. In addition to reporting an overall scaled score based on the total test, Classworks provides student strengths and weakness for key strands. Key strands include a minimum of four test questions to provide a reasonable estimate of student strengths and weaknesses.
The tool is intended for use with the following grade(s).
not selected Preschool / Pre - kindergarten
not selected Kindergarten
not selected First grade
selected Second grade
selected Third grade
selected Fourth grade
selected Fifth grade
selected Sixth grade
selected Seventh grade
not selected Eighth grade
not selected Ninth grade
not selected Tenth grade
not selected Eleventh grade
not selected Twelfth grade

The tool is intended for use with the following age(s).
not selected 0-4 years old
not selected 5 years old
not selected 6 years old
not selected 7 years old
not selected 8 years old
not selected 9 years old
not selected 10 years old
not selected 11 years old
not selected 12 years old
not selected 13 years old
not selected 14 years old
not selected 15 years old
not selected 16 years old
not selected 17 years old
not selected 18 years old

The tool is intended for use with the following student populations.
not selected Students in general education
not selected Students with disabilities
not selected English language learners

ACADEMIC ONLY: What skills does the tool screen?

Reading
Phonological processing:
not selected RAN
not selected Memory
not selected Awareness
not selected Letter sound correspondence
not selected Phonics
not selected Structural analysis

Word ID
selected Accuracy
not selected Speed

Nonword
selected Accuracy
not selected Speed

Spelling
selected Accuracy
not selected Speed

Passage
selected Accuracy
not selected Speed

Reading comprehension:
selected Multiple choice questions
not selected Cloze
not selected Constructed Response
not selected Retell
not selected Maze
not selected Sentence verification
not selected Other (please describe):


Listening comprehension:
selected Multiple choice questions
not selected Cloze
not selected Constructed Response
not selected Retell
not selected Maze
not selected Sentence verification
not selected Vocabulary
not selected Expressive
not selected Receptive

Mathematics
Global Indicator of Math Competence
selected Accuracy
not selected Speed
selected Multiple Choice
not selected Constructed Response

Early Numeracy
selected Accuracy
not selected Speed
selected Multiple Choice
not selected Constructed Response

Mathematics Concepts
selected Accuracy
not selected Speed
selected Multiple Choice
not selected Constructed Response

Mathematics Computation
selected Accuracy
not selected Speed
selected Multiple Choice
not selected Constructed Response

Mathematic Application
selected Accuracy
not selected Speed
selected Multiple Choice
not selected Constructed Response

Fractions/Decimals
selected Accuracy
not selected Speed
selected Multiple Choice
not selected Constructed Response

Algebra
selected Accuracy
not selected Speed
selected Multiple Choice
not selected Constructed Response

Geometry
selected Accuracy
not selected Speed
selected Multiple Choice
not selected Constructed Response

not selected Other (please describe):

Please describe specific domain, skills or subtests:
BEHAVIOR ONLY: Which category of behaviors does your tool target?


BEHAVIOR ONLY: Please identify which broad domain(s)/construct(s) are measured by your tool and define each sub-domain or sub-construct.

Acquisition and Cost Information

Where to obtain:
Email Address
jtreichler@classworks.com
Address
5185 Peachtree Parkway Suite 285 Peachtree Corners, GA 30092
Phone Number
770-325-5555
Website
www.curriculumadvantage.com
Initial cost for implementing program:
Cost
$5.00
Unit of cost
student
Replacement cost per unit for subsequent use:
Cost
$0.00
Unit of cost
Duration of license
1 year
Additional cost information:
Describe basic pricing plan and structure of the tool. Provide information on what is included in the published tool, as well as what is not included but required for implementation.
Classworks Universal Screener is purchased as part of a comprehensive RTI program. When the full Classworks suite is purchased the screener is included. Classworks professional development includes free online training and virtual training sessions. Training days can be purchased at $1,500 - $1,800 per day depending on volume of days purchased.
Provide information about special accommodations for students with disabilities.
Curriculum Advantage, makers of Classworks, considered several issues related to accommodations and elements of Universal Design of large-scale assessments- https://nceo.info/Resources/publications/onlinepubs/Synthesis44.html. Accommodations included are as follows: ● Extra time—Students may need extra time to complete the task. The assessment may be stopped and started as needed to allow students needing extra time to finish, is untimed, and can be administered in multiple test sessions. ● Administrations—Students may be given the amount of days necessary to complete the test. ● Presentation—Classworks diagnostic items are presented in a large, easily legible format specifically chosen for its readability. With HTML5, you have the ability to change the screen size and font size. ● Audio Support–Audio support is available for all grades. ● Setting—Classworks assessments are web-based. They can be completed on any device with internet access that meets technical requirements. Students may use headphones to benefit from audio support. ● Response—Classworks assessments are easily completed on a computer using point and click or on a tablet device using touch screens for those with motor impairment.

Administration

BEHAVIOR ONLY: What type of administrator is your tool designed for?
not selected General education teacher
not selected Special education teacher
not selected Parent
not selected Child
not selected External observer
not selected Other
If other, please specify:

What is the administration setting?
not selected Direct observation
not selected Rating scale
not selected Checklist
not selected Performance measure
not selected Questionnaire
selected Direct: Computerized
not selected One-to-one
not selected Other
If other, please specify:

Does the tool require technology?
Yes

If yes, what technology is required to implement your tool? (Select all that apply)
selected Computer or tablet
selected Internet connection
not selected Other technology (please specify)

If your program requires additional technology not listed above, please describe the required technology and the extent to which it is combined with teacher small-group instruction/intervention:

What is the administration context?
selected Individual
selected Small group   If small group, n=
selected Large group   If large group, n=
not selected Computer-administered
not selected Other
If other, please specify:

What is the administration time?
Time in minutes
30
per (student/group/other unit)
student

Additional scoring time:
Time in minutes
0
per (student/group/other unit)
student

ACADEMIC ONLY: What are the discontinue rules?
selected No discontinue rules provided
not selected Basals
not selected Ceilings
not selected Other
If other, please specify:


Are norms available?
No
Are benchmarks available?
No
If yes, how many benchmarks per year?
If yes, for which months are benchmarks available?
BEHAVIOR ONLY: Can students be rated concurrently by one administrator?
If yes, how many students can be rated concurrently?

Training & Scoring

Training

Is training for the administrator required?
Yes
Describe the time required for administrator training, if applicable:
Less than 1 hr of training
Please describe the minimum qualifications an administrator must possess.
Paraprofessional can administer the test
not selected No minimum qualifications
Are training manuals and materials available?
Yes
Are training manuals/materials field-tested?
Yes
Are training manuals/materials included in cost of tools?
Yes
If No, please describe training costs:
Can users obtain ongoing professional and technical support?
Yes
If Yes, please describe how users can obtain support:
Dedicated account manager. Classworks support is available online via in product chat, by phone, and by email.

Scoring

How are scores calculated?
selected Manually (by hand)
selected Automatically (computer-scored)
not selected Other
If other, please specify:

Do you provide basis for calculating performance level scores?
Yes
What is the basis for calculating performance level and percentile scores?
not selected Age norms
selected Grade norms
not selected Classwide norms
not selected Schoolwide norms
not selected Stanines
not selected Normal curve equivalents

What types of performance level scores are available?
selected Raw score
not selected Standard score
not selected Percentile score
not selected Grade equivalents
selected IRT-based score
not selected Age equivalents
not selected Stanines
not selected Normal curve equivalents
selected Developmental benchmarks
not selected Developmental cut points
selected Equated
not selected Probability
not selected Lexile score
not selected Error analysis
not selected Composite scores
not selected Subscale/subtest scores
selected Other
If other, please specify:
Strand level proficiency feedback

Does your tool include decision rules?
No
If yes, please describe.
Can you provide evidence in support of multiple decision rules?
No
If yes, please describe.
Please describe the scoring structure. Provide relevant details such as the scoring format, the number of items overall, the number of items per subscale, what the cluster/composite score comprises, and how raw scores are calculated.
Raw scores are calculated as the total number of items answered correctly on the screener. Performance on the screeners is reported as a scaled score on a vertical scale ranging from 200 to 800 spanning across grades K to 10.
Describe the tool’s approach to screening, samples (if applicable), and/or test format, including steps taken to ensure that it is appropriate for use with culturally and linguistically diverse populations and students with disabilities.
An item alignment review was conducted to ensure that the Universal Screener items align to the Classworks objectives and individual state standards for mathematics. Item content and bias reviews were conducted to ensure that the items selected for the Reading and Mathematics Universal Screeners were appropriate and reasonable for the purpose of screening students. Test specifications include a range of coverage including items at grade level, one grade below, and two grades below. This test design has been found to be effective for the purpose of screening. A Field test was conducted using a national sampling of students. The item level data was used to calibrate the items using the Rasch model. Items that did not fit the model or showed differential performance were edited or removed from the final forms.

Technical Standards

Classification Accuracy & Cross-Validation Summary

Grade Grade 2
Grade 3
Grade 4
Grade 5
Grade 6
Grade 7
Classification Accuracy for Criterion 1 Fall Partially convincing evidence Partially convincing evidence Partially convincing evidence Partially convincing evidence Partially convincing evidence Unconvincing evidence
Classification Accuracy for Criterion 1 Winter Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable
Classification Accuracy for Criterion 1 Spring Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable
Classification Accuracy for Criterion 2 Fall Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable
Classification Accuracy for Criterion 2 Winter Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable
Classification Accuracy for Criterion 2 Spring Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable Data unavailable
Legend
Full BubbleConvincing evidence
Half BubblePartially convincing evidence
Empty BubbleUnconvincing evidence
Null BubbleData unavailable
dDisaggregated data available

Classification Accuracy - Criterion 1 Fall

Evidence Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5
Criterion measure MAP Growth Assessment MAP Growth Assessment MAP Growth Assessment MAP Growth Assessment
Cut Points - Percentile rank on criterion measure 20 20 20 20
Cut Points - Performance score on criterion measure <168 <182 <193 <202
Cut Points - Corresponding performance score (numeric) on screener measure <290 <330 <370 <410
Classification Data - True Positive (a)
Classification Data - False Positive (b)
Classification Data - False Negative (c)
Classification Data - True Negative (d)
Area Under the Curve (AUC) 0.82 0.84 0.73 0.81
AUC Estimate’s 95% Confidence Interval: Lower Bound 0.75 0.77 0.67 0.76
AUC Estimate’s 95% Confidence Interval: Upper Bound 0.89 0.92 0.79 0.87
Statistics Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5
Base Rate
Overall Classification Rate
Sensitivity
Specificity
False Positive Rate
False Negative Rate
Positive Predictive Power
Negative Predictive Power
Sample Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5
Date
Sample Size
Geographic Representation East North Central (IL, MI, OH, WI)
East South Central (AL, KY, MS, TN)
Middle Atlantic (NJ)
Mountain (AZ)
Pacific (CA)
South Atlantic (GA, NC, SC)
West South Central (AR, LA, TX)
East North Central (IL, MI, OH, WI)
East South Central (AL, KY, MS, TN)
Middle Atlantic (NJ)
Mountain (AZ)
Pacific (CA)
South Atlantic (GA, NC, SC)
West South Central (AR, LA, TX)
East North Central (IL, MI, OH, WI)
East South Central (AL, KY, MS, TN)
Middle Atlantic (NJ)
Mountain (AZ)
Pacific (CA)
South Atlantic (GA, NC)
West South Central (AR, LA, TX)
East North Central (IL, MI, OH, WI)
East South Central (AL, KY, MS, TN)
Middle Atlantic (NJ)
Mountain (AZ)
Pacific (CA)
South Atlantic (GA, NC, SC)
West South Central (AR, LA, TX)
Male
Female
Other
Gender Unknown
White, Non-Hispanic
Black, Non-Hispanic
Hispanic
American Indian/Alaska Native
Other
Race / Ethnicity Unknown
Low SES
IEP or diagnosed disability
English Language Learner

Reliability

Grade Grade 2
Grade 3
Grade 4
Grade 5
Grade 6
Grade 7
Rating Partially convincing evidence Partially convincing evidence Partially convincing evidence Partially convincing evidence Partially convincing evidence Partially convincing evidence
Legend
Full BubbleConvincing evidence
Half BubblePartially convincing evidence
Empty BubbleUnconvincing evidence
Null BubbleData unavailable
dDisaggregated data available
*Offer a justification for each type of reliability reported, given the type and purpose of the tool.
The Classworks Screener affords the means to screen students on multiple occasions (e.g., Fall, Winter, Spring) during the school year. Thus, test-retest reliability is necessary, and we estimate test-retest reliability via the Pearson correlation between Classworks Screener scores of students taking test in two terms within the school year (Fall/Winter, and Winter/Spring). The second reliability test is Cronbach’s Alpha, a measure of internal consistency. This analysis was conducted on a sample of students who had posted scores for three sets of Classworks Screener questions, all of which aimed to measure a single construct--student’s proficiency in mathematics.
*Describe the sample(s), including size and characteristics, for each reliability analysis conducted.
See sample size information in the data
*Describe the analysis procedures for each reported type of reliability.
See above question 1.

*In the table(s) below, report the results of the reliability analyses described above (e.g., internal consistency or inter-rater reliability coefficients).

Type of Subgroup Informant Age / Grade Test or Criterion n Median Coefficient 95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound
95% Confidence Interval
Upper Bound
Results from other forms of reliability analysis not compatible with above table format:
Manual cites other published reliability studies:
No
Provide citations for additional published studies.
Do you have reliability data that are disaggregated by gender, race/ethnicity, or other subgroups (e.g., English language learners, students with disabilities)?
No

If yes, fill in data for each subgroup with disaggregated reliability data.

Type of Subgroup Informant Age / Grade Test or Criterion n Median Coefficient 95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound
95% Confidence Interval
Upper Bound
Results from other forms of reliability analysis not compatible with above table format:
Manual cites other published reliability studies:
No
Provide citations for additional published studies.

Validity

Grade Grade 2
Grade 3
Grade 4
Grade 5
Grade 6
Grade 7
Rating Unconvincing evidence Convincing evidence Partially convincing evidence Convincing evidence Convincing evidence Unconvincing evidence
Legend
Full BubbleConvincing evidence
Half BubblePartially convincing evidence
Empty BubbleUnconvincing evidence
Null BubbleData unavailable
dDisaggregated data available
*Describe each criterion measure used and explain why each measure is appropriate, given the type and purpose of the tool.
The validity evidence for the Classworks Screener comes from the relationships of Classworks Screener test scores to NWEA MAP Growth test scores. These relationships include a) the concurrent performance of students on Classworks Screener tests with their performance on MAP Growth tests and b) the predictive relationship between students’ performance on Classworks Screener tests with their performance, two testing terms later, on MAP Growth tests. The Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) is used as the outcome measure. Published by the NWEA the MAP Growth is regarded as a highly valid and reliable measure of broad reading ability. The NWEA website states, “Our tools are trusted by educators in 140 countries and more than half the schools in the US” which indicates it can be considered an excellent outcome measure for classification studies.
*Describe the sample(s), including size and characteristics, for each validity analysis conducted.
See data chart for sample size information
*Describe the analysis procedures for each reported type of validity.
For the validity analysis conducted, we used concurrent and predictive validity. Concurrent validity was estimated as the Pearson correlation coefficient between student scores from Fall 2016 and the same students’ total scale score on the Map Growth assessment (also administered in Fall 2016). Predictive validity was estimated as the Pearson correlation coefficient between student scores from a given term (Fall 2016) and the same students’ total scale score on the MAP Growth assessment administered in Spring 2017.

*In the table below, report the results of the validity analyses described above (e.g., concurrent or predictive validity, evidence based on response processes, evidence based on internal structure, evidence based on relations to other variables, and/or evidence based on consequences of testing), and the criterion measures.

Type of Subgroup Informant Age / Grade Test or Criterion n Median Coefficient 95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound
95% Confidence Interval
Upper Bound
Results from other forms of validity analysis not compatible with above table format:
Manual cites other published reliability studies:
No
Provide citations for additional published studies.
Describe the degree to which the provided data support the validity of the tool.
Concurrent and predictive validity coefficients, for each grade and each time of year, were consistently in the mid to high 0.60s to 0.70s. This validity evidence demonstrates a strong relationship between the Classworks Screener and the MAP Growth assessments across the grades and times of year reported.
Do you have validity data that are disaggregated by gender, race/ethnicity, or other subgroups (e.g., English language learners, students with disabilities)?
No

If yes, fill in data for each subgroup with disaggregated validity data.

Type of Subgroup Informant Age / Grade Test or Criterion n Median Coefficient 95% Confidence Interval
Lower Bound
95% Confidence Interval
Upper Bound
Results from other forms of validity analysis not compatible with above table format:
Manual cites other published reliability studies:
No
Provide citations for additional published studies.

Bias Analysis

Grade Grade 2
Grade 3
Grade 4
Grade 5
Grade 6
Grade 7
Rating No No No No No No
Have you conducted additional analyses related to the extent to which your tool is or is not biased against subgroups (e.g., race/ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, students with disabilities, English language learners)? Examples might include Differential Item Functioning (DIF) or invariance testing in multiple-group confirmatory factor models.
No
If yes,
a. Describe the method used to determine the presence or absence of bias:
b. Describe the subgroups for which bias analyses were conducted:
c. Describe the results of the bias analyses conducted, including data and interpretative statements. Include magnitude of effect (if available) if bias has been identified.

Data Collection Practices

Most tools and programs evaluated by the NCII are branded products which have been submitted by the companies, organizations, or individuals that disseminate these products. These entities supply the textual information shown above, but not the ratings accompanying the text. NCII administrators and members of our Technical Review Committees have reviewed the content on this page, but NCII cannot guarantee that this information is free from error or reflective of recent changes to the product. Tools and programs have the opportunity to be updated annually or upon request.